Two stocks moving independently of each other without any correlation can help with portfolio diversification. This is because when some shares in a portfolio are losing money, other non-correlated shares might still be gaining. Finally, Bollinger bands are sometimes used as a “breakout” trading strategy.

Mr. Bulkowski is a well-known chartist and technical analyst and his statistical analysis set the book apart from others that simply show chart patterns and how to spot them. The updated version of the book includes a section on event trading and patterns that occur with news releases. This book is the definitive volume on candlestick charting, which is one of the most commonly used technical analysis tools. Prior to Nison’s work, candlestick charting was relatively unknown in the West. He helped publicize the technique and train institutional traders and analysts at top investment banking firms. The book offers a thorough explanation of the subject, including explanations of virtually all candlestick patterns that are used by traders today.

Technical indicators are not magical things, so don’t make the mistake of thinking that any of them is the Holy Grail that will unlock the key to guaranteed riches. The indicators simply provide a means for analysis of price movement – a means that may or may not provide a reliable predictive indicator of future price movements. Some work better than others, and all work better at some times than they do at other times. (Unfortunately, they don’t tell you if “now” is one of the good times to use them or not). The price actions can be analysed by the candlestick patterns which are formed on the candlestick charts.

  • The Gartley pattern is frequently used in conjunction with other chart patterns or technical indicators by technical analysts.
  • The Ichimoku Cloud boasts one of the most unusual histories for a trading indicator.
  • An inverted dead cat bounce will occur when a company discloses news that will send the stock soaring by 5% to 20% or perhaps even higher.
  • There is a wide range of books available for learning technical analysis, covering topics like chart patterns, crowd psychology, and even trading system development.
  • Candlesticks present the battle between buyers and sellers in a very simple-to-interpret graphical way.
  • A group of patterns that typically have a horizon greater than 12 days and that have distinct price swings which form distinctive patterns.

When the indicator is moving in a different direction than the price, it shows that the current price trend is weakening and could soon reverse. The indicator moves between zero and 100, plotting recent price gains versus recent price losses. The RSI levels therefore help in gauging momentum and trend strength.

Charles Schwab, which is in the process of acquiring TD Ameritrade, has announced that the thinkorswim trading platforms will continue to operate once the two companies merge. The acquisition closed in the fourth quarter of 2020, and the platform integrations were expected to take another 18–36 months. LightScan searches the entire universe of stocks to display symbols sorted and filtered based on your preferences. There are over 100 possible criteria to search on, which can be combined. Fidelity also offers weekly online coaching sessions, where clients can attend with a small group to have in-depth discussions around options and technical analysis. These tools cannot be accessed by individual investors outside brokerage platforms, but you will find their technology built into quite a few active trader sites.


There are different types of charts used by traders, depending on their trading goals. The four primary types are line charts, bar charts, candlestick charts​​, and point and figure charts. Technical analysis is the evaluation of a financial asset through the study of historical market statistics.

  • One variation of the indicator approach is to look for divergences.
  • Up volume is how much volume there is on a day when the price rallies.
  • Simply defined, it compares two moving averages, which can be configured for any desired period.
  • These are bullish continuation patterns where the growth has paused momentarily, it trades down and then continues its upward pattern.
  • Investopedia’s Technical Anlaysis course has taught me a lot of new information and is also reinforcing my prior knowledge on trading.

The slider displays how much of this data is currently being displayed in the chart. You can view additional history by clicking on the blue slider and increasing the area covered by the slider. The Volume pane displays a series of vertical bars which represent the amount of volume which has traded in the particular security during the specified time frame for the chart in view. This often results in a trend reversal, as shown in the figure below. A double top often looks like the letter M and is an initial push up to a resistance level followed by a second failed attempt, resulting in a trend reversal. Horizontal or slightly sloped trendlines can be drawn connecting the peaks and troughs between the head and shoulders, as shown in the figure below.

Advanced Technical Analysis Technique – Double Bottom

The middle band is the 20-period Simple Moving Average and the upper and lower bands are plus two and minus standard deviation of the middle band. RSI moves between the range of 0 and 100, when this indicator is above 70 then it indicates that the stock may advance technical analysis reverse to the downside. This indicator helps in evaluating the overbought or oversold conditions in the price of a stock. You can generate dynamic watch lists using the Market Scanner, which can search across time frames ranging from 1 minute to 1 month.

Some stock movements are dependent on each other, with a clear relationship. This correlation and dependence can be of interest in technical analysis. When the prices of the two stocks move in a similar direction, they are correlated, or dependent. When the price of two commodities consistently move in opposite directions, they are negatively correlated.

What is Technical Analysis?

When the RSI moves above 70, the asset is considered overbought and could decline. Looking at which side of zero the indicator is on aids in determining which signals to follow. For example, if the indicator is above zero, watch for the MACD to cross above the signal line to buy. If the MACD is below zero, the MACD crossing below the signal line may provide the signal for a possible short trade. When the Aroon Up crosses above the Aroon Down, that is the first sign of a possible trend change. If the Aroon Up hits 100 and stays relatively close to that level while the Aroon Down stays near zero, that is positive confirmation of an uptrend.

The information provided by, Inc. is not investment advice. A trading term called a dead cat bounce is used to when a stock is in a severe decline and has a sharp bounce off the lows. This bounce will be short lived and followed up by heavy selling which will break the prior price low. Founded in June 2000, Recognia applies sophisticated pattern recognition and quantitative analysis algorithms to publicly traded financial instruments (stocks, commodities, currencies, etc.). Use 2 different tab views within a single chart window for a symbol.

Reversal Patterns

Conversely, reversals that occur at market bottoms are known as accumulation patterns, where the trading instrument becomes more actively bought than sold. For example, an uptrend supported by enthusiasm from the bulls can pause, signifying even pressure from both the bulls and bears, then eventually give way to the bears. A trendline that angles up, or an up trendline, occurs where prices are experiencing higher highs and higher lows. Conversely, a trendline that is angled down, called a down trendline, occurs where prices are experiencing lower highs and lower lows.

Trendlines in Technical Analysis

Therefore, the kijun sen price level is often eyed as potentially a good level at which to initiate a buy or sell position following a temporary retracement (up or down) in price. (A steeper angle of slope in the line indicates more strength or momentum in the market’s movement, while a shallower angle indicates a weaker price move or lessening momentum). These chart patterns are formed within these technical charts and convey a certain message.


Volume may decline as the pattern develops and spring back once the price breaks above (in the case of a head and shoulders bottom) or below (in the case of a head and shoulders top) the trendline. An uptrend interrupted by a head and shoulders top pattern may experience a trend reversal, resulting in a downtrend. Conversely, a downtrend that results in a head and shoulders bottom (or an inverse head and shoulders) will likely experience a trend reversal to the upside. A bearish pennant is a pattern that indicates a downward trend in prices.

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